Key features of Act
- Aims at ensuring protection, proper care, development and social reintegration of children in difficult circumstances by adopting a child-friendly approach.
- Permits trying of juveniles between the ages of 16 and 18 years as adults for heinous offences.
- Establishment of Child Welfare Committees (CWC) along with Juvenile Justice Boards (JJB) in each district.
- Empowers JJB to examine the nature of crime and decide whether it was committed as a child mind or as an adult mind.
- Based upon the preliminary inquiry of JJB, juvenile offender will be either sent for rehabilitation or will be tried as an adult.
- The CWC will determine institutional care for juvenile in need of care and protection.
- Prescribes eligibility of adoptive parents and the procedure for adoption. Penalties for cruelty against a child have been prescribed in case of offering a narcotic substance to a child and selling and abduction of a child.